Kyrgyz Republic is located in the central part of Asia and follows a parliamentary republic system. Kyrgyz is the national language of the country. It also shares strong cultural and historical ties with the country. The country is divided into seven provinces, which consists of different districts and is administered by governors. Bishkek is the capital of the country.
The history of the country dates back to 2000 years. In spite of its rough terrain, the country played an important role in trade through Silk Route. Until the nineteenth century, the country was ruled by different dynasties and its independence was invaded by different foreigners. In 1876, it was included in the Russian Empire. Later in August 1991, it emerged as an independent nation and gradually a democratic government was established.
This country shares its borders with China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. It has high deposits of gold and other rarely found metals. Majority of the landmass of the country is covered with mountains which is about 80% of the total area and leaves little scope for cultivation. Issyk-Kil Lake is the largest mountain lake of the country. The terrain of this country makes the country often referred as the Switzerland of Central Asia.